Sustainable agriculture helps both farmers and the consumers while also helping with the development of the country. However, due to the unsustainable practices done by farmers all around the world, the environment is suffering from damage.
If this keeps up, having sustainable agriculture can become even more difficult to achieve or potentially become impossible.
The good news is, there are several innovative ways popping up and many places have already come up with several practices to make this possible. But what are the elements of sustainable agriculture.
Here are the four main elements that compose sustainable agriculture.
The soil is an important part of farming. But that’s not the only thing you need to know about soil. The ways you’re managing your soil also affect water availability.
Many unsustainable practices can degrade your soil, but if your soil management is on point, you can drastically increase water availability for crops.
While you may not see the results of your good soil management, it would become apparent eventually. Good practices include spreading manure, applying composts, planting cover crops, and reducing tillage.
Having good crop management can improve the development, growth, and most importantly, the yield of your crops. Crop management depends of many factors such as the types of crops, weather conditions, the age of plants, and the timing.
Crop management practices include pinching, chopping, hilling, and suckering. Other more well-known practices include crop irrigation and chemical methods.
However, if you truly want to implement sustainable agricultural practices, steer away from chemicals. It’s important that you go organic as much as possible.
Managing your water availability is also another crucial part of implementing sustainable agricultural practices. Since groundwater reserves are getting carried away through the dry season, it’s best to have a reservoir.
One way to have water availability despite the dry season is pumping groundwater. But there are many other ways to increase your water availability. Some of the best water management practices include the following:
Capturing and Storing Water
Of course, you should not forget about going organic. Since chemicals can only cause damage to the environment, especially to the soil, organic methods are your best shot at not only increasing water availability, but to sustainability.
Insects and weeds can potentially cause permanent damage to your crops and even livestock.
Although soil, crops, and water are the most essential part of agriculture, being able to prevent pests from damaging your crops are also equally important.
The most used method of removing these pests is with the use of pesticides. However, if you’re not fond of using chemicals, you can reduce the application of these pesticides.
Trying to achieve your goal of having a sustainable farm can be daunting, but with these elements in mind, it would be easier for you to implement innovative ways to improve your agricultural methods and practices.